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Milwaukee Population and Ethnic Make-up

2010 Census Figures for the Population and Ethnic Make-Up of Milwaukee

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Milwaukee Population and Ethnic Make-up

According to the 2010 census, the population of the City of Milwaukee is 594,883, making it the 28th largest city in the nation. The population of the Milwaukee metro area is much larger, at 1,751,316. The Milwaukee metro area consists of five counties: Milwaukee, Waukesha, Racine, Washington and Ozaukee counties. The state of Wisconsin's total population is 5,686,986, which means more than 10% of the state's residents live in the city of Milwaukee, and 30% of the state's residents live in the five-county metro area.

When considering city population as opposed to metro area population, Milwaukee can be most closely aligned with Louisville, KY (597,337); Denver, CO (600,158); Nashville, TN (601,222); and Washington, DC (601,723).

The City of Milwaukee is diverse, and it's ethnic make-up is nearly split between white and African American.

According to the United States Census, Milwaukee's ethnic breakdown was as follows in 2010:

  • White: 266,339
  • African American: 237,769
  • Asian: 20,851
  • American Indian or Alaskan Native: 4,695
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 241
  • Other race: 44,650
  • Two or more races: 20,288

While the City of Milwaukee can be considered diverse, this changes considerably when looking at Milwaukee County as a whole. Milwaukee County's total population is 947,735, with a white population of 574,656, or more than 55%. The County's African American population, however, is 253,764, or about 27%. These numbers also show that less than 20,000 African Americans that live in Milwaukee County live outside the city limits, or about 8%. These statistics are echoed in the numbers of all non-white races in the City vs. the County, with the vast majority of non-white peoples living within city limits.

According to the United States Census, Milwaukee County's ethnic breakdown was as follows in 2011:

  • White: 575,656
  • African American: 253,764
  • Asian: 32,433
  • American Indian or Alaskan Native: 6,808
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 363
  • Other race: 51,429
  • Two or more races: 28,293

Milwaukee is often said to be a racially segregated city -- in fact, some accounts consider Milwaukee to be the most segregated city in the nation. The statistical difference between non-white populations in the city vs. the county could lead to that assumption. Measuring city segregation is more complex than simple population comparisons, however, and the true measure of segregation is found through the use of the "index of dissimilarity".

For more information on national ethnicity and population, visit 2010.census.gov.

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